Amazon River: More Information and Facts.


Geographical Location: Amazon River is located in South America. Beginning in the high Andes Mountains in Peru, it flows to Atlantic Ocean through Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Guiana, Suriname and Brazil. These river systems in these five countries are called the Upper Amazon. So far, the Amazon River proper flows mostly in Peru and Brazil. According to some old research, the Amazon is 6.280 km long. It is the second longest river in the world. However, there are some scientists claimed that the Amazon is actually longer than the Nile. The Amazon is 6.800 km long while the Nile is 6.695 km long. So this problem is still debated. The Amazon Basin is the largest drainage basin in the world. It covers about 40 percent of South America. In an average dry season, 110.000 square kilometres of land are water-covered. In the wet season, the flooded area of the Amazon Basin rises to 350,000 square kilometres. Volume of water released by the Amazon to the Atlantic Ocean is up to 300,000 cubic meters per second in the rainy season. The Amazon River is responsible for about 20% of the total volume of freshwater entering the ocean.
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Fish Biodiversity: Home to more than two thousand freshwater fish species, the Amazon, ichthyologically speaking, is the hottest big river on the planet. Some of its inhabitants are familiar: cardinal tetras, discus, angel cichlids, and armored “pleco” catfish inhabit home aquariums; trophy-sized peacock bass and goliath catfishes beckon sporting anglers; giant-sized tambaqui and pirarucú are prime food fishes for residents of the region; and piranhas, electric eels, and river stingrays contribute to tales of tropical danger. But any notion that science has achieved a complete inventory of the Amazon’s, or the world’s, fishes is utterly dispelled by ongoing discoveries. Each year since 1960, more than 35 tropical American species of fishes, including catfishes, characins, electric fishes, killifishes, and cichlids, have been newly described and named. During the past decade the pace has quickened, with more than 50 fishes coming to scientific light annually. By contrast, the Congo River of Africa has about 700 fish species in total, and the well-studied Mississippi-Missouri of North America, a relatively scant 375. Global patterns of biogeography help explain Amazon fish diversity, but they don’t tell the whole story. Size matters, and the Amazon River basin is a large, watery place, covering more than 2.5 million square miles, or 30 percent of the South American continent. In terms of water volume, no other river on earth comes close to it. In the rainy season, the Amazon discharges 3–6 million cubic feet of water per second into the Atlantic and accounts for 20 percent of the worldwide flow of freshwater into the oceans. So we might expect the vast basin, or watershed—consisting of the main stem of the Amazon and its thousands of tributaries—to contain many fish species. Yet the Orinoco, with a watershed area of less than half a million square miles, boasts at least 1,000 species, and even smaller rivers of the Guianas teem with hundreds of species. Size, then, is at best a partial explanation for the fish-rich Amazon. +Book an Ecotour now+

Amazon river Hstory – Francisco de Orellana: book an ecotour now History: The Amazon River was discovered by Franisco de Orellana, who is an explorer, in 1541. After descending the river from Quito, Ecuador, to the Atlantic, Orellana claimed to have seen women Tribal Warriors, and he named the River Amazonas for the women warriors of Greek mythology. Seasonal flooding is characteristic of many tropical rivers. The lowest flood stage occurs in August and September. The highest stage occurs in April and May. Tributaries of the Guyana Shield flood in June, the tributaries of the Brazilian Shield flood in March or April.
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Peruvian amazon river: book an ecotour now Impact of Human Use: The Amazon is a good place to Explore and Tour. More than one-third of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest. Moreover, the Amazon River has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and that number is still growing. However, fishing might reduce the number of fishes in this river. The Amazon River is a largest and deepest river in the world. Thus, it is very easy for Boating and Shipping. So trading between countries will be easier. The Amazon River also used for drinking and bathing. Bathing increases the pollution of this river. Then people use water for drinking. So it may make some diseases for people. +Book an Ecotour now+

Amazon river boat ride: book an ecotour now Pollutants: There are three main environmental problems: anthropogenic pressures, owing to the uncontrolled expansion of human activities which contribute to the destruction of fragile ecosystems; deforestation and clearing of plant cover causing soil loss and erosion, reduced biodiversity, and sedimentation in the rivers; changes in the hydrologic cycle associated with changes in the global climate and exacerbated by the alteration of the Amazonian Forests due to the fires and the droughts. Thus, the result is water pollution and quality degradation. People cause the most pollution in the Amazon. They account for most of the pollution via industrial means. Industrial expansion of the Amazon has caused destruction of the plants, animals, and environment. It also causes water pollution by leaking hazardous materials into the rivers, tributaries and underwater. +Book an Ecotour now+

Amazon river group boat ride: book an ecotour now Conclusion: The Amazon River is a wonder of the world. It is not only a largest river; it is also the deepest river of the world. Furthermore, it is one of the longest rivers. There are over 3.000 species of fish in this river. Furthermore, it has a lot of effects on human activities such as boating, shipping, fishing, Tourism, drinking and bathing. Also, there are a lot of reasons why the Amazon River is polluted such as rubbish, mercury and industrialization. So limiting pollutants, reducing deforestation, reducing rubbish and raising people knowledge are very necessary to protect the Amazon River from pollution. +Book an Ecotour now+

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